stanford prison experiment ethical issues

The Stanford Prison Experiment has since become required reading for college Psych 101 classes everywhere. Situationist Ethics. Philosophies . Either of them could have been a guard or a prisoner. Originally he aimed to study how much our behavior is structured by the social role we occupy. At the time, the Stanford Prison Experiment caused a great deal of controversy and was heavily criticized, but what are the Zimbardo prison experiment ethical issues and was criticism of the experiment justified? The experiment was meant to last two weeks, but Zimbardo pulled the plug after six days. You can get your custom paper from Unexpectedly, the prisoners were arrested by the actual Palo Alto Police Department, booked and jailed. This leaves them confused and often dehumanized as they are ignored by law enforcement personnel. However, as the days and hours grew on, it became evident that the guards -- who had almost limitless decisions when it came to handling prisoners, save physically harming them -- were determined to further humiliate and debase the prisoners through borderline violent means. Any experiment that places its participants under enormous psychological stress could be considered unethical. Most agreed and were denied parole. The study has received many ethical criticisms, including lack of fully informed consent by participants as Zimbardo himself did not know what would happen in the experiment (it was unpredictable). “Individual behavior is largely under the control of social forces and environmental contingencies rather than ‘personality traits,’ ‘character,’ ‘will power,’ or other empirically unvalidated constructs,” (Saleton, 2004). Two patients who appeared early on to be traumatized were replaced. Stanford Prison Experiment: The issue of Ethicality By: Emad EMAM- March 2012 In 1971, a research was conducted in which subjects played the roles of prisoners and guards in a period of time simulating the prison environment for the purpose of studying a number of problems of psychological and sociological relevance1. The experiment could not be replicated by researchers today because it fails to meet the standards established by numerous ethical codes, including the Ethics Code of the American Psychological Association. "You must agree to out terms of services and privacy policy", Don't use plagiarized sources. This content was COPIED from BrainMass.com - View the original, and get the already-completed solution here! With the exception of the riots, the prisoners accepted the inhumane treatment, and the majority did not attempt to leave. The remaining participants would be on call. Stanford Prison Experiment Ethical Issues Are Always. Furthermore, the subjects were dehumanized and taunted, and … The prisoners were not told partly because final approval from the police wasn’t given until minutes before the participants … Information from a study that has not gone through any interpretation or processing is said to be _____ data. your own paper. The Stanford Prison Experiment had many issues that started a chain of problems within the experiment. Prisoners were quick to accept the authority of the prison guards and to surrender themselves to the prison environment. In this video we will learn about the findings and method of Zimbardo's study. They would not be permitted to wear underwear, but they would wear a stocking cap to simulate having their heads shaven, and a small chain to reinforce the idea of captivity. Zimbardo has admitted that he did not initially believe the study would be unethical; however, in the aftermath, he realized the abuse suffered by the participants was unethical (Drury, 2012). Get Your Custom Essay on, By clicking “Write my paper”, you agree to our, By clicking Send Me The Sample you agree on the, An Ethical Analysis of the Stanford Prison Experiment, Asch’s Study, Milgram Experiment, and Stanford Prison Experiment, Outline and Evaluate Zimbardo's Prison Experiment, Stanford Prison Experiment to the Atrocities at Abu Ghraib Prison, https://graduateway.com/ethical-implications-of-the-stanford-prison-experiment/, Get your custom (2002). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/ethical-implications-of-the-stanford-prison-experiment/, This is just a sample. One of the ethical issues surrounding the Stanford prison experiment was the _____. study. Next, they decided on the proper prison garb. §  Prisoners were assigned numbers in place of their names. One of the major demands by the prisoners at Attica was that they wanted to be treated like human beings. While Zimbardo had all participants sign informed consent forms, even he did not know what would happen due to the unpredicatable nature of the experiment (Zimbardo et al., 2000). In 1971 Philipp Zimbardo carried out one of the most ethically controversial psychological experiment the ‘Stanford Prison Experiment’. The prisoners at Attica had one chief complaint, and that was a request to be treated in a way that was humane. Additionally, the participants who were selected as prisoners did not give consent to being arrested at their own homes because the … Describe the ethical issues related to conducting research with children and prisoners. Some of the participants had mental breakdowns due to the circumstances. §  They truly began to see the prisoner participants as threats to Neueste Erkenntnisse bezweifeln die korrekte Durchführung s… competence, based on their education, training and supervised experience. The experiment is important because it demonstrated how easy it is for prisons to become inhumane, run by guards who treat prisoners like objects rather than people. This code requires researchers to avoid harm and to Standard Code 3.04, Avoiding Harm___________________. §  Their unjust treatment of the prisoners became more brutal as some of the participants feelings, Researcher Phil Zimbardo admitted that he In my opinion, I think it was ethical to do this experiment because they were trying to see what the reaction would be if they split up people being guards and prisoners. Zimbardo not only had an ethical responsibility to prepare the participants for all possibilities, but he should have shut down the experiment once he realized that the participants playing the role of the prisoners were quickly having emotional and physical problems. do them harm. "2 Other critics suggest that the study lacks gener… The guards meted out sadistic punishments and the prisoners accepted it. Zimbardo acknowledges the ethical problems with the study, suggesting that "although we ended the study a week earlier than planned, we did not end it soon enough. The researchers divided the group into prisoners and guards by virtue of a coin toss, though prisoners later recalled that they felt the guards were chosen based on their larger physical size (Wikipedia, 2007). We can see this on the social psychology experiment of Phillip Zimbardo Stanford Prison Experiment (SPE) of 1971 when the results and conclusions from the experimenters were released to the public it was only matter of time for criticism to invade it causing controversy over both scientific and ethic rigors. So why was the Stanford Prison Experiment … Retrieved January 10, 2007, from Stanford prison experiment Web site: http://www.prisonexp.org/slide-21.htm, Ethical Implications of the Stanford Prison Experiment. This tells them immediately that they are no longer people, they are numbers. The Stanford Prison Experiment ended abruptly on August 20, 1971, when Dr. Christina Maslach came to visit Zimbardo and was disgusted by the events taking place, finally snapping Zimbardo out … They were humiliated and mistreated; tormented if you wil. Unfortunately, it is common in most prison systems. student(prisoners) were subjected to extreme emotional trauma. This is not a stretch from what happens in a real prison. The results can impact every aspect of the legal system, from arrest, to trial to imprisonment. of being arrested and detained. For example, the Stanford Prison Experiment, conducted by Stanford University is well-known for its questionable and controversial research methods. New York: Oxford University Press. 2. The few parents who were concerned about the prison conditions appealed to the superintendent, Zimbardo, for special treatment, just as the parent of a real prisoner would (Zimbardo, 1999). Common prison garb is functional, but not comfortable. The next unexpected result was when the “prisoners” were given an opportunity to leave. In conclusion, Zimbardo’s experiment demonstrated that people will adapt to their surroundings quickly and completely. The experiment was intended to be conducted for two weeks, but conditions were such that it had to be shut down after six days. The consent form mentions a loss of privacy and the limitations involved with trying to leave the experiment early, but it does not say anything about the conditions under which the prisoners eventually found themselves (Zimbardo, 1971). they got deeper into their roles, Sign in|Recent Site Activity|Report Abuse|Print Page|Powered By Google Sites. They felt a sense of empowerment when given responsibilities. The website has slides and movies of the experiment, which were done very realistically. There was a riot on the second day, which guards volunteered to work overtime, without pay, in order to quash. Before bringing in the prisoners, the guards received an orientation in which they were told that physical violence was not permitted and that they could run the prison however they wished. of being arrested and detained. All subjects willfully consented to assume either part, for $14 every day for up to two weeks. Next, the prisoners were made to wear uncomfortable clothing and were denied underwear, further dehumanizing them and ensuring that their prison stay would be uncomfortable on the most basic level. Visit the Stanford Prison Experiment website to learn more about this famous experiment. They also signed up for this experiment so they should have been aware of what was going to happen to them. 5. The most unexpected result was that Zimbardo himself had trouble separating himself from the experiment: It wasn’t until much later that I realized how far into my prison role I was at that point — that I was thinking like a prison superintendent rather than a research psychologist. (2007 Jan 4). What happened in the Stanford Prison Experiment? A recent replication of the Stanford Prison Experiment, carried out by Reicher and Haslam (2006), contradicts the findings of Zimbardo. The study has received many ethicalcriticisms, including lack of fully informed consent by participants as Zimbardo himself did not know what would happen in the experiment(it wasunpredictable). One of the ethical issues surrounding the Stanford prison experiment was the _____. The study has received many ethical criticisms, including lack of fully informed consent by participants as Zimbardo himself did not know what would happen in the experiment (it was unpredictable). (Eds.). Consent Form. Ethical Issues of the Stanford Prison Experiment. After converting the basement of the Stanford Psychology Department into a mock jail, it was decided that guards would wear uniforms derived from a military surplus store and prisoners would wear poorly-fitting muslin smocks and rubber sandals. Zimbardo expected that, as a defense, the guards in charge of the Iraqi prisoners would state that their environment dictated their actions. While each methods chapter in . Ethical issues. He had volunteered in order to “expose” our study, which he mistakenly thought was an establishment tool to find ways to control student radicals. Ethical Issues. Understanding Genocide: The Social Psychology of the Holocaust. The study was led by Philip Zimbardo, who adopted the role of jail superintendent. This is a direct violation of the APA Code of Conduct. Past Ethical Issues- Stanford Prison Experiment and Abu Ghraib; References in Popular Culture; Original Experiment Videos; Ethics in Action; The Debriefing Process; Twitter; Facebook; Google+; GitHub; WordPress.com; About. In the prison environment, controls must be in place to prevent the guards from becoming cruel dictators and the prisoners from accepting inhumane conditions without complaint or recourse. T. he primary focus of this chapter is on research ethics. this book provides a discussion of ethical issues devoted specifically to a particular method (e.g., experimental design, survey), this chapter will highlight the general ethical considerations everyone should consider before beginning his or her research. For informed consent and guides future researchers in how ( not ) to conduct a research! Focus of this chapter is on research ethics primary focus of this chapter is on research ethics became. Contingencies ” had led the guards the Stanford Prison experiment, all of the participants not. Though only eighteen would be required for the experiment was over contradicts the findings of Zimbardo out one the! Prisoners would state that their environment dictated their actions Prison experiment part in SPE... § they were given an opportunity to leave at any time, Zimbardo, P ( 1971 ) n't... 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The “ prisoners ” were given an opportunity to leave easily recognizable issues related to conducting research with and...

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