This book documents the past history of the Chagos including the first settlement on the islands in 1776 by Franco-Mauritian plantation owners and their slaves, through the change from French rule in 1814 when Mauritius and its dependencies became a British colony, and thence until the 1960s when the plantations and islands were sold to a Seychelles entrepreneur. Exploration records the first people to settle on the islands in 1776, and the tough struggle to establish a sustainable existence. 550 pages. The Chagos Archipelago is made up of over 55 islands. History. The entire land area of the islands is a … After emancipation, indentured Indians arrive helping to form a new, unique society and a people first known as the Ilwa. This brutal ‘welcome’ has left families divided and penniless, without the skills or resources to integrate well into the U.K. Chagos Islands: UK refusal to return archipelago to Mauritius show the limits of international law November 26, 2019 11.10am EST Miriam Bak McKenna , Lund University Since the 1980s, successive Mauritian governments have asserted a sovereignty claim to the islands, arguing that they were detached illegally. The territory doesn't have self-government. History. The late 1960’s and early 1970’s, saw an abrupt end to this unique and peaceful way of life. In 1965, London detached … The book is dedicated to "all those who, from the 1770s to the 1970s, were fated to spend their lives on the islands of Chagos". …Seychelles colony, along with the Chagos Archipelago, formerly part of the Mauritius colony. Welcome! (2011) Paradise claimed: disputed sovereignty over the Chagos Archipelago. The Chagos Islands are a group of islands located in the Indian Ocean. They went on to build one of the most important US military bases outside of the United States. The islands have been British territory since 1814 when they were ceded to Britain with Mauritius (which then included the Seychelles). Eventually they were rescued and brought back home. The former parts of the Seychelles are returned to Seychelles in 1976. No Chagossians now inhabit the island, which once was home to … During the colonial era, the Chagos Archipelago was governed as a dependency of Britain’s Crown Colony of Mauritius. This is not a forum for general discussion of the article's subject. The Chagos Archipelago is made up of 65 coral islands in the Indian Ocean; it lies midway between Africa and Asia, 500 km south of the Maldives. After the British Indian Ocean Territory had been created, the UK Government gave an undertaking to return the Chagos islands to Mauritius when they were no longer required for defence purposes. The history of Diego Garcia before the arrival of the US Forces can be found in: Stoddart,D.R. However, there was no welcome for them, no support and yet again, no plan for integration. Although this is a long way from the UK, it is still directly relevant to those in the UK. A detailed and authoritative history of Mauritius, Réunion, and the other islands in the southwest Indian Ocean, including the Chagos can be found in: Abraham,G. Although it includes some of what then happened between 1962 and 1973 when the last Ilois were removed after the detachment of the islands to form the British Indian ocean Territory, the account of this period is very cursory. Click here to start a new topic. South African Law Journal 128:63-99. The islands were discovered in the early sixteenth century by the Portuguese. Published by The Chagos Conservation Trust 2017. ISBN 978-0-9954596-0-1. By the end of the 18 th century the population was 300. From 1773 to 1810, the importance of the Chagos was greater than that of the island of Rodrigues. For several decades the Chagos archipelago has been the cause of a dispute between Mauritius and the U.K., over the decision in 1965 to separate Diego Garcia from the rest of the archipelago for setting up the military base, in collaboration with the U.S. Mauritius, a British colony, achieved independence in 1968 but the U.K. refused to return the Chagos archipelago, claiming … Britain evicted about 2,000 people from the Chagos Archipelago in the 1960s and 1970s so the U.S. military could build the air base on Diego Garcia. The Chagos islands were first discovered, uninhabited, in the 16th century. Chagos: A History, Exploration, Exploitation, Expulsion. They were often treated as second class citizens, they were left uneducated and resided in slums. London: Chagos Conservation Trust. 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