The British East India Company changed the world: They claimed Hong Kong, Singapore, and India as British colonies, and prompted a global economy...all because of tea. Afternoon tea was supposedly invented by Anna Russell, the Duchess of Bedford. At that time, shipping tea from China- which is one of the main tea producing countries of the world- was, thanks to the silk road trading path, much easier. when the Emperor Shen Nong, a skilled ruler and scientist, accidentally discovered tea. Little did he know, heâd just invented the first cup of tea. The history of tea is an epic saga, a journey through time and an odyssey across continents. These additives help replace the fat and salt lost by those living in the high-altitude regions of the Himalayan Mountains. Afternoon Tea is a meal composed of sandwiches (usually cut into ‘fingers’), scones with … An early credible record of tea drinking dates to the 3rd century AD, in a medical text written by Hua Tuo. Zen Buddhism honors the essential elements of Japanese philosophy (harmony, purity, respect, and tranquility) during Chanoyu. The book also recorded the history of tea before Tang Dynasty and described the types of tea. In order to make the hot drink, brick tea were put into the boiling water in kettles to cook for some time. She began serving the tea to her aristocratic friends at Court, and word of the exotic Royal beverage spread quickly. Many of the other counties in England’s west country also claim the best cream teas: Dorset, Cornwall and Somerset. It was during this time that the practice developed of sending finest teas to the emperor's court as a tribute to him. The long, tiring journey into Tibet by yak took nearly one year and was threatened not only by the dramatic terrain of some of the highest mountains in the world, but by tea-seeking thieves and pirates. It was the European export market that first saw rise to the innovative introduction of new processes that resulted in black tea. It was actually a New York merchant, Thomas Sullivan, who invented the tea bag â by accident. In defiance, the American ports refused to allow any dutiable goods ashore. The climate and high altitudes of Northern India made it a promising location for tea cultivation. What Set Sir Thomas apart was that, in an age when tea was a rare and expensive luxury, he believed that anyone should be able to enjoy tea at its best. Anna soon began to invite friends to join her for afternoon tea...and the trend spread quickly. By the time of the Tang Dynasty (618-906 AD) tea was the national drink of China, spreading from court circles to be popular throughout Chinese society. Traditionally, Tibetan tea is made by boiling the leaf for about half an hour before passing the liquid through a strainer made of horsehair (sometimes today made of plastic) into a long wooden container. The lofty tea prices made tea highly fashionable and elitist. Today, students compete to attend the very selective and exceptional Shanghai Tea Institute. Ancient China: The Birthplace of Tea The history of tea dates back to ancient China, almost 5,000 years ago. Robert Fortune, a Scottish botanist, is credited for spying on China's ancient sacred tea processing techniques and returning to India with knowledge, equipment, and a small team of experienced Chinese growers. The Chinese were more interested in silver than in cotton, Britain's main export. Tea is the second most consumed beverage in the world after water –– and from sugary Turkish Rize tea to salty Tibetan butter tea, there are almost as many ways of preparing the beverage as there are cultures on the globe. 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